Directions and mechanisms of the civil society institutions participation in the establishment of the protected space for internally displaced persons in Ukraine

8
Article(UKR)(.pdf)

The changes that took place in Ukrainian society during 2014-2018 proved the significance and effectiveness of the social self-organization of Ukrainian citizens and the activities of civil society in Ukraine. Throughout the 2014-2018 period, the role of civil society in solving the problems of internally displaced persons (IDPs) was (and remains) very significant. An analysis of the situation with IDPs in Ukraine shows that over the past two years there have been significant changes that require clarification of the priorities, main directions and tasks of practical activities, forms and methods of interaction between the main social actors that have to protect the rights of IDPs. The main changes in the situation with IDPs compared to the initial period of forced internal migration are the following: stabilization of the number of IDPs; reduction of volunteer activity connected with IDPs; increasing the role of government bodies and structures in addressing IDPs problems; reduction of public interest in the IDPs and their problems; reduction of international support for projects and programs aimed at solving IDPs problems; completion of the process of IDPs integration into host communities; an increase of the number of IDPs that no longer plan to return to their former places of residence. At the same time, the stabilization of the situation with the IDPs is combined with the actual absence of significant positive dynamics in the last two years in solving their main problems. It indicates the inadequate performance of the state and other social actors in this area. In view of these changes, it is necessary to move from situational response to the acute problems associated with the survival of the IDPs in a critical situation, to systematic integrated activities aimed at the full integration of IDPs into host communities on an ongoing basis. Methodological approach to transition from general principles and priorities to specific practical activities on the protection of the rights of IDPs is appropriate to build on the principles and criteria of the protection space concept. It is advisable to determine the directions of formation of the protected area for the IDPs in host communities with the key spheres of human life: social and cultural interaction, economic activity, political activity and provision of basic needs. Accordingly, the basic areas of civil society participation in the creation of a protection space of IDPs are: promoting the establishment of constructive social relations between IDPs and the host community, promoting productive employment and entrepreneurship among IDPs, restoring all IDPs rights to participate in political life, and ensuring the basic needs of IDPs in housing, nutrition, medical care, education, social services at a level not lower than state-guaranteed standards.

  1. Internally displaced persons (IDPs). UNHCR – Ukraine. URL: https://www.unhcr.org/ua/%d0%b2%d0%bd%d1%83%d1%82%d1%80%d1%96%d1%88%d0%bd%d1%8c%d0%be-%d0%bf%d0%b5%d1%80%d0%b5%d0%bc%d1%96%d1%89%d0%b5%d0%bd%d1%96-%d0%be%d1%81%d0%be%d0%b1%d0%b8-%d0%b2%d0%bf%d0%be [in Ukrainian]

  2. UN: 4.4 million people in Ukraine were affected by the war in Donbass. (2018, February 28). UNIAN. URL: https://www.unian.ua/war/10025747-v-ukrajini-4-4-milyona-lyudey-postrazhdali-cherez-viynu-na-donbasi-oon.html [in Ukrainian]

  3. How has the dynamics of population migration from the occupied territories of Ukraine changed? (2018, January 25). Analytical portal Word and Action. URL: https://www.slovoidilo.ua/2018/01/25/infografika/suspilstvo/yak-zminylasya-dynamika-mihracziyi-naselennya-okupovanyx-terytorij-ukrayiny [in Ukrainian]

  4. Report of the national system for monitoring the situation with internally displaced persons (June 2018). International Organization for Migration. URL: http://iom.org.ua/sites/default/files/nms_round_10_ukr_press.pdf [in Ukrainian]

  5. Novikova, O.F., Amosha, O.I., Antoniuk, V.P., Liashenko, V.I., Zaloznova, Yu.S., Shamileva, L.L., Lohachova, L.M., Pankova, O.V., Soldak, M.O., Kasperovich, O.Yu., Ishchenko, O.V., Prohnimak, O.D., Sydorchuk, O.G., Khandii, O.O. (2016). Internally displaced persons: from overcoming obstacles to a strategy of success. Kyiv: NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  6. Balakireva, O.M. (2014). Spectrum of problems of forced migrants in Ukraine: rapid assessment of the situation and needs. Materials of the round table Forced migrants in Ukraine: urgent and medium-term responses (June, 9, 2014). URL: https://docplayer.net/52175626-Spektr-problem-vimushenih-pereselenciv-v-ukrayini-shvidka-ocinka-situaciyi-ta-potreb.html [in Ukrainian]

  7. Libanova, E.M. (2014). Forced relocation from Donbass: scope and challenges for Ukraine. Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr.Visnyk of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 12, 15-24 [in Ukrainian]

  8. Libanova, E.M. (Ed.). (2015). The policy of integration of Ukrainian society in the context of the challenges and threats of events in Donbass. Kyiv: NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  9. Balakireva, O.M. (Ed.). (2016). Forced migrants and host communities: lessons for effective social adaptation and integration: a scientific report. Kyiv: NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  10. Novikova, O.F. (Ed.). (2018). Integration of Internally Displaced Persons into Territorial Communities: Diagnosis of Condition and Mechanisms of Provision. Kyiv: NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  11. UNHCR position on refugee protection and urban decision-making. (2009, September). URL: http://unhcr.ru/fileadmin/files/docs/Documents/General_documents_and_manuals_UNHCR/%D0%97%D0%B0%D1%89%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B0_%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B5%D0%B2_%D0%B2_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B4%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%85_%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%85.pdf [in Russian]

  12. The network of hubs promotes the development of civil society in Ukraine. (2018). URL: http://www.ua.undp.org/content/ukraine/uk/home/presscenter/articles/2018/02/01/sco-hubs.html [in Ukrainian]

Full text