The instititions of police: the past and the present in sociologycal context


The article examines the process of institutionalization of law enforcement. In outlines the ’proto-institutional’ phase and forms of law enforcement in the medieval Ukraine and the process of legitimization and development of police as a state institutions in the nineteenth century. The main focus is put on the social function of law enforcement, which is becoming predominant nowadays. The article reviews the current problems of the Ukrainian law enforcement and overview the experience of community based police services in Kharkiv City (an innovative Ukrainian – British Project).

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