The article describes the approaches to the study of employment non-standard forms, especially precarios forms. The essence of the concept «precariat» is revealed. The author explained positive and negative consequences of the proliferation precarios forms of employment at the individual, societal and state level.
It is proven that precarious forms of employment are not strictly marginalized by the working activity of the least competitive population segments. The choice of precarious economic models was caused by the modern globalization trends and labor market flexibility and is distinctive for the representatives of the economically active population from the innovative core of the company. Modern labour market requires specialists in the area of information technology, specialists in the creation and implementation of innovative ideas and products, which entails change in the nature of work – term projects instead of stable work within one company, apart from physical places of work. In the modern social reality the following life strategies become actual: downshifting, digital nomading.
With this in mind, precarity can be a conscious choice of the individual as the desire to develop a private and family life or as the opportunity to get rid of the career claims, which are costly, considering the time and emotional stress. Despite the fact that precarity includes variety of groups of the economically active population (e.g. freelancers, creative design staff, representatives of the IT industry, self-employed, seasonal workers), they all share general uncertainties about the future, financial security, and social guarantees.
Due to that this group has the protest potential, which can be used to increase public discontent.
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