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The capacity of rural communities in solving the problems of forced internal migration


Based on the empirical data, the author summarized practical approaches to solving the problems of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in rural communities in different regions of Ukraine and described two models to solve this problem, which operate at the local level in the village communitites that have sheltered IDPs. One option of the relationship is built as the personal implementation of the resettled families in rural communities, another model – an organized group resettlement, as a separate settlement within a functioning village.

Paper proves that these models are the product of joint efforts of rural communities and IDP families, as well as the representatives of authorities and civil society. A part of IDPs in rural areas work, regardless of professional qualifications and available places of employment. This category of people focuses on their own strength and desire to work to ensure that the local community accepted them as full members, who are able to solve problems and help community in which they want to integrate. In the context of solving the rural development problems, forced internal migration can have positive consequences, as IDPs give new life to rural communities by helping to develop a diverse economic activities, micro-enterprise, revive infrastructure, and forge new social networks, using modern means of communication and telecommunications. Representatives of the middle class and intellectuals among internally displaced persons create in joint efforts their own settlements in rural areas, bringing a new culture of relations with local communities and governments.

These settlements demonstrate good examples of self-government and demonstrate the need for collective action for settlement in rural areas. Paper suggests ways of increasing the effectiveness of rural development policies in the context of rural housing construction focused on the provision of state support and of ensuring the rights of internally displaced persons in rural areas, together with the solution of problems of forced migration in Ukraine with attraction of rural areas potential.

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