Sociocultural factors of labor market exclusion in Ukraine and countries of Western and Eastern Europe

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Article(UKR)(.pdf)

The paper presents the results of the sociocultural factors analysis for labor market exclusion in Ukraine and the countries of Western and Eastern Europe. For comparison with Ukraine Germany and Poland were chosen. The selected countries have different systems of value orientations and welfare models. The research source is database of the World Values Survey (2011-2012).

The analysis method is logistic regression. The results of the analysis showed that the nature of relationship between labor market exclusion and its socio-cultural factors is culturally dependent. The analysis of binary logistic regression demonstrated that in all countries the interpersonal trust, level of education, frequency of Internet use and subjective health evaluation are statistically significant factors for labor market exclusion. In Ukraine and Poland an extension of the settlement size reduces chances for labor market exclusion. But the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that inclusion of other factors to the model eliminates the aforementioned effect in Poland.

A judgment concerning successful strategy of behavior within labor market is the statistically significant factor for Germany and Ukraine. But, in Germany the chances of being excluded from the labor market are increased for those who believe that “hard work does not generally bring success – it is more a matter of luck and connections’. In Ukraine this factor has the opposite effect: those, who agreed that the ‘luck and connections’ are needed for getting success have less chances of being excluded from the labor market.

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