Sociocultural factors of labor market exclusion in Ukraine and countries of Western and Eastern Europe


The paper presents the results of the sociocultural factors analysis for labor market exclusion in Ukraine and the countries of Western and Eastern Europe. For comparison with Ukraine Germany and Poland were chosen. The selected countries have different systems of value orientations and welfare models. The research source is database of the World Values Survey (2011-2012).

The analysis method is logistic regression. The results of the analysis showed that the nature of relationship between labor market exclusion and its socio-cultural factors is culturally dependent. The analysis of binary logistic regression demonstrated that in all countries the interpersonal trust, level of education, frequency of Internet use and subjective health evaluation are statistically significant factors for labor market exclusion. In Ukraine and Poland an extension of the settlement size reduces chances for labor market exclusion. But the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that inclusion of other factors to the model eliminates the aforementioned effect in Poland.

A judgment concerning successful strategy of behavior within labor market is the statistically significant factor for Germany and Ukraine. But, in Germany the chances of being excluded from the labor market are increased for those who believe that “hard work does not generally bring success – it is more a matter of luck and connections’. In Ukraine this factor has the opposite effect: those, who agreed that the ‘luck and connections’ are needed for getting success have less chances of being excluded from the labor market.

  1. Bassanini, A. et al. (2006). The determinants of unemployment across OECD countries: Reassessing the role of policies and institutions. OECD Economic Studies, 42 (1), 7

  2. The Human Capital Report (2013). World Economic Forum. URL:

  3. Libanova, E. et al. (2011). The National Human Development Report 2011 ‘Ukraine: Towards Social Inclusion’. Kyiv [in Ukrainian]

  4. Oksamytna, S., Vynohradov, O., Malysh, L., Martseniuk, T. (2010). The youth of Ukraine: from education to work. Kyiv: NaUKMA [in Ukrainian]

  5. Kupets, O. (2005). What is behind stagnant unemployment in Ukraine: the role of the informal sector

  6. Bambra, C., Eikemo, T.A. (2009). Welfare state regimes, unemployment and health: a comparative study of the relationship between unemployment and self-reported health in 23 European countries. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 63, 92-98

  7. Employment and unemployment by place of residence population. URL: [in Ukrainian]

  8. Radaev, V.V. (2008). Contemporary economic sociological concept of market. Ekonomicheskaya Sotsiologiya – Journal of Economic Sociology, 9 (1), 20-50 [in Russian]

  9. Kalleberg, A.L., Sorensen, A.B. (1979). The sociology of labor markets. Annual review of sociology, 351-379

  10. Granovetter, M. (2004). Economic Institutions as Social Constructions: A Framework for Analysis. JSSA – The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, 7 (1), 76-89 [in Russian]

  11. Berger, P.L., Luckmann, T. (1991). The social construction of reality: A treatise in the sociology of knowledge. Penguin UK, 10

  12. Mathieson, J. et al. (2008). Social Exclusion Meaning, measurement and experience and links to health inequalities. A review of literature. WHO Social Exclusion Knowledge Network Background Paper, 1

  13. Burchardt, T., Le Grand, J., Piachaud, D. (1999). Social exclusion in Britain 1991-1995. Social Policy & Administration, 33 (3), 227-244

  14. Castells, M. (2000). The rise of the fourth world. London: The Global Transformations Reader, Blackwell

  15. Room, G. (1995). Beyond the threshold: the measurement and analysis of social exclusion. University of Bristol. Bristol: The Policy Press

  16. Bourdieu, P. (2002). The forms of capital. Western economic sociology: anthology of contemporary classics. Ekonomicheskaya Sotsiologiya – Journal of Economic Sociology, 3 (5), 60-74 [in Russian]

  17. Bourdieu, P. (2011). The forms of capital (1986). Cultural theory: An anthology, 81-93

  18. Koopmans, R. (2016). Does assimilation work? Sociocultural determinants of labour market participation of European Muslims. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42 (2), 197-216

  19. Putnam, R.D. (1995). Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital. Journal of democracy, 6 (1), 65-78

  20. Demkiv, O. (2004). Social capital: theoretical foundations of research and operational settings. Sotsiologiya: teoriya, metody, marketing – Sociology: it’s theory, methods, marketing, 4, 99-111 [in Russian]

  21. Radaev, V.V. (2008). The market as interlocking social networks. Rossiiskii zhurnal menedzhmenta – The Russian Management Journal, 6 (2), 47-54 [in Russian]

  22. Balakireva, O.M., Dmytruk, D.A. (2015). Dynamics of institutional trust and electoral activity. Ukr. socìum – Ukrainian society, 4 (55), 128-142 [in Ukrainian]

  23. Sztompka, P. (1999). Trust: A sociological theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

  24. Van Vinden, V. (2012). The end of social exclusion? Information technology policy as the key to social inclusion in major European cities. SPERO. Sotsial’naya politika: ekspertiza, rekomendatsii, obzory – SPERO. Social Policy: Expertise, Recommendations, Overviews, 17, 69-84 [in Russian]

  25. World values survey 1981-2014 longitudinal aggregate v.20150418. World Values Survey Association. Aggregate File Producer: JDSystems, Madrid SPAIN. URL:

  26. Esping-Andersen, G. (2013). The three worlds of welfare capitalism. John Wiley & Sons

Full text