Formation and regulation of the newest forms of employment in Ukraine
The article dwells upon methodological and practical issues of the new employment forms development.Author formulates specific features of social and labor relations transformation, suggests new forms of employmentunder the influence of processes of globalization and informatization.
Quantitative, functional, spatial and temporalflexibility are considered to be the most significant characteristics of renewal of labor relations in modernconditions of innovative transformations and intensification of information and communication technologies. Authordefines characteristic features of new forms of labour market subjects’ mutual relations, reflected in the use of non-standard forms of employment: contingent labor, part-time employment, remote working, and telecommuting. Papersuggests analyses of the contingent labor formation abroad and in the Ukrainian labour market. It is revealed thatthe increase in contingent labor is determined as a set of both positive influence that it makes to the livelihoods oflabour relations subjects, and number of negative consequences of socio-economic nature. The development of thecontingent labor institute in Ukraine is hampered by a number of unresolved problems of organizational and legalnature. A number of changes in domestic legislation that will resolve the situation with the contingent labor marketis required.
The author studies the existence of non-standard forms of employment as a result of the informationproliferation and communication technologies. It is provedthat one of the most socially significant innovation in theworkplace is remote employment using the latest technologies (telecommuting). Constraints for the formation of thisemployment type in Ukraine are identified, where along with the main technological and economic constraints areregulatory ones. It is proved that for the full use of labour telecommuting legislative support, social security, theurgent improvement of the existing legislation is needed, which is possible by making orderly changes to the Code oflabour laws of Ukraine and the embodiment of legal initiatives with the recognition of new concepts “remoteworker”, “remote work”. Institutional approaches to the regulation of non-standard flexible forms of employmenton the national labour market are justified.
It is proposed to make corresponding amendments to the tax legislation,labour legislation, in particular to the “Code of labour laws of Ukraine and Law of Ukraine “On employment ofpopulation”.
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