The article dwells upon methodological and practical issues of the new employment forms development.Author formulates specific features of social and labor relations transformation, suggests new forms of employmentunder the influence of processes of globalization and informatization.
Quantitative, functional, spatial and temporalflexibility are considered to be the most significant characteristics of renewal of labor relations in modernconditions of innovative transformations and intensification of information and communication technologies. Authordefines characteristic features of new forms of labour market subjects’ mutual relations, reflected in the use of non-standard forms of employment: contingent labor, part-time employment, remote working, and telecommuting. Papersuggests analyses of the contingent labor formation abroad and in the Ukrainian labour market. It is revealed thatthe increase in contingent labor is determined as a set of both positive influence that it makes to the livelihoods oflabour relations subjects, and number of negative consequences of socio-economic nature. The development of thecontingent labor institute in Ukraine is hampered by a number of unresolved problems of organizational and legalnature. A number of changes in domestic legislation that will resolve the situation with the contingent labor marketis required.
The author studies the existence of non-standard forms of employment as a result of the informationproliferation and communication technologies. It is provedthat one of the most socially significant innovation in theworkplace is remote employment using the latest technologies (telecommuting). Constraints for the formation of thisemployment type in Ukraine are identified, where along with the main technological and economic constraints areregulatory ones. It is proved that for the full use of labour telecommuting legislative support, social security, theurgent improvement of the existing legislation is needed, which is possible by making orderly changes to the Code oflabour laws of Ukraine and the embodiment of legal initiatives with the recognition of new concepts “remoteworker”, “remote work”. Institutional approaches to the regulation of non-standard flexible forms of employmenton the national labour market are justified.
It is proposed to make corresponding amendments to the tax legislation,labour legislation, in particular to the “Code of labour laws of Ukraine and Law of Ukraine “On employment ofpopulation”.
Bandur, S.I. (2014). The development of social and labour relations as a prerequisite for achieving productive employment of the population. Rynok pratsi ta zainiatist naselennia, 1, 8-13 [in Ukrainian].
Grishnova, E.A., Az’muk, N.A. (2014). The development of human capital and transformation of the employment forms: the interaction and interdependence. Demografiya i sotsial’naya ekonomika – Demography and social economy, 1 (21), 85-94 [in Russian].
Kapelyushnikov, R.I., Luk’yanova, A.L. (2010). The transformation of human capital in Russian society. Moscow: Fond liberal’naya missiya. URL: http://www.liberal.ru/upload/files/kapelushkin_Final_Web%20(2).pdf [in Russian].
The code of labour laws of Ukraine, 2. (1995). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Kozina, I.M. (2008). Agency work: social aspects. Socis – Sociological Studies, 11, 3-12 [in Russian].
Kolot, A. (2007). Innovative labor and intellectual capital in the system of factors for the knowledge economy formation. Ukraina: aspekty pratsi, 4, 4-9 [in Ukrainian].
Kolot, A.M. (2013). The transformation of the Institute of employment as a component of global change in the social and labour sphere: the phenomenon of precarization. Uroven’ zhyzni naseleniya regionov Rossii, 11 (189), 93-108 [in Russian].
Kostyunina, G.M. (2004). Flexible forms of employment: the international experience and practice of Singapore. Trud za rubezhom, 2, 93-110 [in Russian].
Libanova, E.M. (Ed.). (2008). Human development in Ukraine: innovative measurement: multi-author monogr. Kyiv: Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
Gimpel’son, V.Ye., Kapelyushnikov, R.I. (2006). Irregular employment in Russian economy: multi-author monogr. Moscow: Izd. dom GU VShE [in Russian].
Novak, I., Overkovskii, B. (2011). Irregular employment in Ukraine: social risks and counter strategies of trade unions. Kiev: Fond im. Fridrikha Eberta (FES). URL: http://www.fes.kiev.ua/new/wb/media/publikationen [in Russian].
Petrova, I.L. (2013). The market of innovative labour: trends for the formation in Ukraine. Ukraina: aspekty pratsi, 5, 3-7 [in Ukrainian].
On employment: the Law of Ukraine dated 05.07.2012 No. 5067VI. (2012). Golos Ukrainy, 153-154 [in Ukrainian].
Smirnykh, L. Contingent labor: economic theory, the experience of the EU countries and Russia. URL: www.recep.ru/files/documents/SmirnychLaborleasingru.pdf [in Russian].
European Telework Science – stats and facts. Canadian Telework Association. URL: http://www.ivc.ca/studies/European.html
Telework 2011. A Worldat Work Special Report Based on Data Collected by The Dieringer Research Group Inc. and Worldata Work. URL: http://www.worldatwork.org
New Study with Business Professionals Reveals 65 Percent of Companies Allow Working Remotely. URL: http://www.usamp.com/objects/pdf/pr/2013-04-16.pdf