Flexible non-standard employment: the systematization of the forms and its use on labour market of Ukraine
The paper considers methodological and practical development problems of employment flexible forms. It is established that the standard employment is increasingly giving way to non-standard forms of employment, which development depends on socio-economic process. Author analyzed the distribution of non-standard employment in Ukraine, formulated specific features of transformation of social and labour relations and the distribution of the flexible non-standard employment under the influence of globalization and informatization processes.
Author systematizes forms of non-standard employment based on the classification criteria, including the formalization of employment, nature of working schedule, terms of agreement, forms of workplace organization and employment methods. It is demonstrated that under the conditions of unstable economic development, the employment of the population in Ukraine is being transformed due to the formation of the following flexible non-standard forms of employment: part-time, overtime, informal, employment under contracts of civil liability, which develops according to the schemes of outsourcing, outstaffing and personnel leasing. It is noted that globalization and the associated with it mobility of labor resources, with the increased competition, created is a necessity for the formation of labor market highly adaptive to changing socio-economic conditions. It is proved that the most important adaptive strategies of the labour market actors that allow them to remain competitive and to operate effectively in conditions of instability are different forms of non-standard employment. Author analyses advantages of non-standard forms of employment and the problems they cause in the area of social and labour relations.
It is established that a full realization of population’s labour potential may be effected by the use of non-standard forms of employment of internally displaced persons and the policies, which motivates the combination of employment and family responsibilities. The results of the study show that the development of non-standard employment provides the flexibility of the labour market, increases the mobility and adaptive capacity of its subjects to changes in the economic, social and institutional environment that is necessary for the success of structural adjustment and effective development of the national economy.
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