Scales of democratic values: measurement invariance in post-socialist societies

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Article(ENG)(.pdf)

Investigation of democracy is needed to understand the changing process in each country. At the same time analysis of values dynamic is not efficient without evaluation of similarities and sustainable measurement of constructs. It means that in order to compare different indicators of values derived from surveys of heterogeneous samples, it is important to evaluate measurement invariance of indicators of values (measurement equivalence).

The purpose of the article is overview of methodological problem of measurement invariance, specifically scales of democratic values. In other words, the core of research interest is to evaluate the possibilities of comparison of latent variables by checking the equality of factor measuring models that include factor loadings, indicator intercepts and their error variances, relationships between latent variables in the various samples.

This article includes approaches of studying the concept of democratic value generalized definition of the concept of democratic orientation values and their components. Firstly, the author has given the definition of democracy (the brief overview of the concept). Secondly, according to existing studies, paper presents conceptualization of democratic values and their components. Thirdly, the construct of democratic values and their indicators was shown in order to give operationalization of concepts. Finally, in the end of the review, the idea of measurement invariance of scales of democratic values was illustrated as method of assessment of similarity measurement values of democracy with the example of post-socialist countries.

Overview of the literature gives possibility to find the gap in the field study and propose the own view for further research. The purpose of the future study will be the assessment of measurement invariance of scales of democratic values in post-socialist countries. In other words, the aim of the study is to evaluate the possibilities of comparison of latent variables by checking the measurement and structural models between various samples.

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