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Sociological monitoring of the individual’s life and safety: theoretical problems

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The article is devoted to the development of the concept and methodology of sociological monitoring of the individual’s life and safety. In particular, author described the essence of monitoring, its main functions (diagnostic, analytical, predictive, informational, managerial), the effectiveness of which depends on strict adherence to sound scientific principles.

The definition of the sociological monitoring as a complex information-analytical system of continuous learning, and data analysis about the state of an object, helped to identify its structural components such as goal, objectives, subject, object and methods. Paper suggests analysis of the technological stages for carrying out sociological monitoring of security threats to the individual’s life. These stages include: establishing a system of basic indicators, which will be collecting information; model development for information analysis of the research object; determination of measurement methods assessment of the individual’s life safety, its scaling and normalization; forecasting of the possible changes of the study’s object; forming of the data archive.

The attention is focused on the creation of the basic indicators system (initial objective and subjective indicators). Objective quantitative indicators allow to characterize the trends and patterns of social development, the efficiency of the system to ensure the safety. While subjective indicators are aimed at measuring the level of life organization processes, taking into account the socio-psychological characteristics of individuals, their worldview, system of value orientations, the level of situational anxiety, awareness of the security level, safety of functioning and development.

Components of the security indicators of any social system are the value (actual value, norm, challenge, threat), reflecting the degree of influence of a particular indicator on a steady state of its operation and development. It is proved that the efficiency of the sociological monitoring of the individual’s life and safety largely depends on his status and place in the system of ensuring national security, strategic forecasting of social development. Author determined that an important condition for formation of an effective system of sociological monitoring is the establishment of a legal and institutional basis for a mechanism of obtaining representative data.

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