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ICT as a technological basis for inclusive social and economic growth

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Article(UKR)(.pdf)

The article examines the relationship between the degree of inclusion of society in the process of socio-economic growth and its scale and pace. It has been established that if the interests of society are ignored (e.g. business goals or abstract state ones are dominating), this leads to a negative reaction of society – pessimism and resistance to change. This is typical for all social and economic systems, which are being developed, and for the developed ones.

In Ukraine, which is oriented towards a liberal economic model, this relationship is poorly used. The consequence of this was a significant lag in the positions of global ratings. Therefore, it is important for Ukraine to develop specific institutional and financial mechanisms for accelerating the introduction of advanced scientific and technological progress, in particular ICT, into the economic practice and everyday life, and the diffusion of innovations in all sectors of the national economy with a focus on the social component of development – human capital, population’s life quality, providing access to basic services.

This is illustrated by the example of rural medicine reform, which could be implemented with the use of public-private partnership (PPP), more precisely with the trilateral partnership between the state, business and local communities, which would help to more effectively achieve the goals of reform and significantly improve the conditions of functioning of local communities that have their own specific problems. However, the Government of Ukraine lacks a single development plan and policy on PPP development.

ICT is not part of the PPP priorities in Ukraine. Although in the EU, the PPP covers a wide range of infrastructure sectors, including transport, utilities, social infrastructure at the national and local levels. Based on the experience of solving such issues in Europe, it is proposed to make a number of steps aimed at increasing the computer literacy of the elderly in view of the significant area of Ukraine and the remoteness of individual settlements, and age structure.

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