Institutional principles and main organizational forms of public discussion in Ukraine

37
Article(UKR)(.pdf)

The article considers the urgency of establishing effective public control over all branches of government in the modern Ukrainian society. The theoretical interpretation of the concept of “civic participation” begins with the analysis of the concepts of “citizenship”, “public”, emphasizes the distinction of civic participation from civil practices. It is argued that the necessary social environment for civic participation is civil society, the essence of which is to distinguish in society the most socially active part. It is noted that organizational forms of civic participation are determined primarily by the peculiarities of the social context of a particular society. The author draws attention to the methodological importance of distinguishing the form of civic participation and its real social content, which will avoid the false definition of civic participation of those forms of engagement, which are not consistent with the content (the phenomenon of “professional protesters”). The constitutional and legal principles of the indirect influence of the public on state policy are considered in detail. Despite the long history of the existence of the Institute for Public Discourse in Ukraine, the majority of elements of the Soviet practice of conducting such discussions are preserved, primarily the formalities of the aforementioned procedure. The article highlights the importance of using the potential of such an organizational form of public participation as public councils. However, the practice of such councils indicates significant impediments to their normal functioning. Among the main reasons is the organizational and financial dependence of such councils on executive bodies, the lack of information openness of the latter to the public, and the problem of legal protection and personal security of local activists. Instead, the main indicator of the effectiveness of the institution of public debate should be the use of constructive proposals put forward by the executive authorities based on the results of such discussions.

  1. Stepanenko, V. P. (2015). Civil Society: Discourses and Practices. Kyiv: Institute of Sociology NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  2. Babich, B. Models of responsible citizenship. URL: https://www.facebook.com/Bogdana.Babych

  3. Reznik, O. (2011). Civil Practices in the Transition Society: Factors, Subjects, Methods of Realization. Kyiv: Institute of Sociology NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  4. Pattie, Ch., Seyd, P., Whiteley, P. (2003). Citizenship and Civic Engagement: Attitudes and Behavior in Britain. Political studies, 51, 443-468.

  5. Civil Society: History and Modernity. (2010). Odessa: Legal Literature [in Ukrainian]

  6. Shcherbakova, I.V. (2017). Features of territorial residence as a factor of civic participation. Sotsiologicheskij Zhurnal – Sociological Journal, 3, 64-79 [in Russian]

  7. Stegniy, O.G. (2008). Types of political culture of regional communities in Ukraine. Visnyk of Lviv University. Series Sociological, 2, 32-56 [in Ukrainian]

  8. A British Bill of Rights: Informing the debate. The Report of the Justice Constitution committee. (2007). London: Justice.

  9. Lobbying: Access and influence in Whitehall. First Report of Session 2008-09. Vol. I. (2008). House of Commons, Public Administration Select Committee. London: The Stationery Office Limited.

  10. Dlugopolsky, O. (2006). Models of Lobbying: International experience and Ukrainian specificity. Journal of European Economy, 1, 27-51.

  11. Mechanisms of improvement of the legislative provision of the organization and holding of parliamentary hearings in Ukraine. Analytical note by the National Institute for Strategic Studies. URL: http://www.niss.gov.ua/articles/1275 [in Ukrainian]

  12. Public Participation in the Legislative Process: Problems and Ways to Improve Efficiency. (2009). Kyiv: Laboratory of Legislative Initiatives [in Ukrainian]

  13. Public councils in figures: a nationwide report on monitoring the formation of public councils at central and local executive authorities. UCIPRD. (2011). Kyiv: Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  14. Ukraine: Political Modernization Strategies. Collection of scientific and analytical reports. (2011). Kyiv: National Institute for Strategic Studies [in Ukrainian]

  15. State of development of civil society in Ukraine. Analytical report. (2017). Kyiv: National Institute for Strategic Studies [in Ukrainian]

  16. Nesterovych, V.F. (2018). Constitutional and legal approval of public discussions in the country. Visnyk Luhanskoho derzhavnoho universytetu vnutrishnikh sprav imeni E.O. Didorenka, 1, 32-44 [in Ukrainian]

  17. Problems of Legitimation of the Institute of Lobbying in Ukraine and the ways of their solution. Materials of Public Discourse, Kyiv, October 12, 2009. (2009). Kyiv: SEA Moskalenko O.M. [in Ukrainian]

Full text