Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Educational inequality as a barrier to upward mobility


Among the known channels of social mobility available to most of the general population is educational, but its effective use is prevented by the increasing barrier during the transformation time – deepening educational irregularities regarding the poor.

Promising means of minimizing educational irregularities today may be the creation of adequate conditions in the secondary school (in which, because of the low-income users there are no additional paid services – the most vulnerable link in the mass and secondary education) for the cognitive selection, mastering modern information technology, and English (main language of educational Internet), the use of online education.

  1. Sorokin, P.A. (1992). Person. Civilization. Society. Moscow: Politizdat [in Russian]

  2. Yastrebov, G.A. (2010). The nature of socio-economic population differentiation: a comparative analysis of Russia and Europe. Mir Rossii, 3, 57-89. URL: [in Russian]

  3. Maksimova, M.L. (2002). Education as a factor of social mobility in modern Russia. Nizhnii Novgorod: Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod. URL: [in Russian]

  4. Vorona, V., Shul’ga, M. (Eds.). (2012). Ukrainian society 1992–2012. The state and dynamics of changes. Sociological monitoring. Kyiv: Institute of Sociology NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  5. World ranking of universities (Academic Ranking of World Universities) for 2013. Euroeducation. URL: [in Ukrainian]

  6. Times has published an annual ranking of world universities’ reputation – World Reputation Rankings 2013. URL: [in Russian]

  7. British society was divided into seven classes. (2013, April 3). BBC Russian Service. URL: [in Russian]

  8. Glad, J. (2005). Future Human Evolution: Eugenics in the Twenty-first Century. Moscow: Zakharov [in Russian]

  9. Il’inskii, I.M. (2012). “Modernization” of Russian education in the context of world globalization. Obrazovanie i obrazovannyi chelovek v XXI veke, 3. URL: [in Russian]

  10. What and how to teach in American schools. Public class (Washington ProFile). (2008, October). Internet i obrazovanie, 1. URL: [in Russian]

  11. Centre for Education Quality Assessment. TIMSS-1999. URL: [in Russian]

  12. The quality of education in schools: rating of TIMSS-2003. Medelle. URL: [in Russian]

  13. Centre for Education Quality Assessment. TIMSS-2011. Study: TIMSS. Results.. URL: [in Russian]

  14. Centre for Education Quality Assessment. Short summary of an international study results TIMSS-2007. URL: [in Russian]

  15. Reis, A.B. (2011). Free higher education: who benefits and who loses from him? Dialog.UA. URL: [in Russian]

  16. Chubatenko, O. (2013, August 31). How to build our tomorrow. Dzerkalo tizhnya. Ukraina, 31 [in Ukrainian]

  17. Denisenko, L. (2013, September 19). Talents without a catch. 2000. Uikend, 38 (669) [in Russian]

  18. Balakireva, O.N. (2014). The modernization of the Ukrainian education to meet the global challenges. In Priorities of modern education development: theory, methodology, practice: proceedings of the intern. scient.-practical conf. (17–18 February) (pp. 119-136). Kharkiv: Narodnaya ukrainskaya akademiya [in Russian]

  19. InMind: The number of Internet users in Ukraine continues to grow rapidly. Ukrainian blogosphere. (2012, July 27). URL: [in Ukrainian]

  20. Onishchenko, O. (2012, October 27 – November 2). Brownian motion of information technologies. ZN.UA, 38 (86) [in Russian]

Full text