Institutional services of child care as a tool of policy in supporting working parents


The paper examines the institutional child care services in Ukraine as the most important conditionfor a successful family and work balance. In particular, the author examines the availability ofstate kindergartens, the quality of their services, and conflicts between mothers’ working time andkindergartens opening time as a factor that complicates working parents’ daily child care routine.

  1. Beck, U. (2000). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya [in Russian].

  2. Beck, U., Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2002). Individualization: Institutionalized Individualism and its Social and Political Consequences. London: Sage.

  3. Hochschild, A.R. (1989). The Second Shift: Working Parents and the Revolution at Home. New York: Viking Penguin.

  4. Hochschild, A. (1997). The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work. New York: Metropolitan Books.

  5. Chernova, Zh. (2012). Family and work balance: politics and mothers’ individual strategies. Zhurnal issledovanij social’noj politiki – The Journal of Social Policy Studies, 10, 3, 295-308 [in Russian].

  6. Chernova, Zh.V. (2008). Family policy in Europe and Russia: gender analysis. Saint Petersburg: Norma [in Russian].

  7. Quality of life in Europe: Impacts of the crisis. (2012). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

  8. Horskyi, A., Budanova, O., Barmatova, I., Ovchar, O. (2013). Complex survey of the preschool education system in Ukraine. Analytical research report. Kyiv: Hromadska sotsialna rada [in Ukrainian].

  9. Unequal opportunities for children in Ukraine: analysis and recommendations for policy (based on the monitoring of economic inequality of households and children’s access to social services). (2011). Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo K.I.S [in Ukrainian].

  10. Suhova, A., Sinyavskaya, O. (2009). Institutional care services for children: inequality in access. In The family in the centre of socio-demographic policy (pp. 73-96). Moscow: NISP [in Russian].

  11. The Law of Ukraine ‘On pre-school education’. (2001). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrayiny, 49 [in Ukrainian].

  12. Statute on pre-school institution. URL: [in Ukrainian].

  13. Gradskova, Yu. (2010). Should I send my child to kindergarten, and should I pay the teacher? Parenting, gender, and pre-school educational institutions in Internet forums. Laboratorium. Zhurnal sotsial’nykh issledovanii – Laboratorium. Social research journal, 3, 44-57 [in Russian].

  14. Pre-school institutions in Ukraine in 2014. Statistical bulletin. (2015). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

  15. Zdravomyslova, E. (2008). Nannies under the conditions of modifications of the gender contract: commercialization and professionalization of childcare. In P.V. Romanov, E.R. Yarskaya-Smirnova (Eds.), Social policy in contemporary Russia: reforms and everyday life (pp. 320-348). Moscow: Variant [in Russian].

  16. Sobkin, V.S., Marich, E.M. (2006). Influence of social and stratificational factors on parents’ attitudes to preschool system of education. Sociology of pre-school education: proceedings of the sociology of education, XI, XIX, 1-25 [in Russian].

Full text