Human resources as determinants of pharmaceutical production efficiency
The article dwells upon to the human resources of the pharmaceutical production as the determinant of its effectiveness. The author shows that human resources as well as the R&D capacity, should be regarded as one of the high-tech manufacturing key indicators. Based on the reports of the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industry and Associations (EFPIA) and EUROSTAT the estimation of employment scale in the pharmaceutical countries – EU members was carried out. It is established that the EU pharmaceutical industry employed 725 thousand people, including 118 thousand of those involved in R&D. Paper considers the provision of human resources in the pharmaceutical and activities related to R&D, the rate of which is increasing every year. In order to clarify that EU Member States have the largest concentration of specialists working in the pharmaceutical industry, the employment ratio was calculated with the rate per capita in the country’s pharmaceutical industry and the total population of the country.
According to calculations by the EUROSTAT data, it was found that the highest productivity compared to other high-tech sectors is concentrated in pharmaceuticals. It was revealed that pharmaceutical production is characterized by a high rate of direct and indirect employment.
According to the results, it was discovered that pharmacy is the most effective industry among the high-tech ones. Based on US NSF the author defined the countries with the highest concentration of employment in manufacturing and countries that are the most effective for creating added value. According to the results it was determined that the efficiency of pharmaceutical production in Ukraine is lower, in general, then in the countries – EU members, despite the fact that the implementation of R&D to obtain new drugs or reproduction (imitation) of specialties requires highly qualified personnel, enumeration of which is growing in the domestic pharmaceutical industry with every year, despite the general trend of reducing employment in industrial sector.
This article may be useful for students, teachers, researchers and government officials, who work in the high-tech pharmaceutical sector.
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