The article dwells upon the systematization of the experience; determination of the voluntary movement specific establishment and functioning in Ukraine at the present stage; analysis of the main factors affecting the status and dynamics of its social resources (particularly, in the context of motivation and demotivation for volunteer activity), and determination of the main problems and prospects for further development of national volunteerism.
The events of the Revolution of Dignity and military aggression in the East of the country revealed that Ukrainian structures of government have shown poor performance in many areas, and in some cases – even failure to resolve urgent problems facing the country, regions and citizens. In terms of inefficiency of government institutions and the acute shortage of resources – human, labor, economic, financial, personal, etc. – the problem of mobilizing internal resources of the country and its regions for self-defense and social security has become quite actual. A rapid development of volunteer activities in Ukraine has been a bright manifestation of the mobilization and involvement of social resources, civic engagement and constructive self-organization aimed at the solution of acute problems of modernity.
Volunteer activities in Ukraine at the present stage are characterized by a significant number of non-standard global practices of volunteering activities (in particular, in the military sphere), and sometimes generate not only the system of assistance to persons and entities that require it, but also the parallel system of development and implementation of solutions aimed at more efficient performance of the functions of relevant government agencies, primarily in the military sphere. Specific feature of the Ukrainian volunteer movement is also a kind of “forced” one as a result of ineffective state institutions functioning and state’s limited resources, as well as a very high level of initiative and independence of voluntary agencies.
The analysis of volunteer structures show great potential for strengthening and expanding their participation in solving the thorniest problems Ukrainian government and the public are facing. Acquired experience of the civil self-organization and mobilization by the volunteer organizations and movements is extremely valuable from the point of view of civil society development in Ukraine. Its research and mechanisms development should become one of the main tasks for scholars and representatives of public administration.
The Interaction of State and Society, People and Symbolic Space of Ukrainian-Russian Relations in the Mirror of Public Opinion. October 2015: newsletter. URL: http://ispp.org.ua/bibl_6.htm [in Ukrainian].
People and Power (survey results). URL: http://opros2014.zn.ua/authority [in Russian].
Alexander, J.C. (2006). The Civil Sphere. New York: Oxford University Press.
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) (2002). Recommendations on support for volunteering (A/RES/56/38). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly at the fifty-sixth session – Agenda item 108. URL: http://www.unv.org/fileadmin/docdb/pdf/2002/a56r038-e.pdf
2015 State of the World’s Volunteerism Report – Transforming Governance. URL: http://www.volunteeractioncounts.org/SWVR2015-frame/21337%20-%20SWVR%20report%20-%20ENGLISH%20-%20web%201.pdf
Chernyshev, R. Golovakha: The war for the first time taught Ukrainians to help each other. URL: http://news.liga.net/interview/politics/6382849-golovakha_voyna_vpervye_nauchila_ukraintsev_pomogat_drug_drugu.htm [in Russian].
Kotliar, A. (2015). Ella Libanova: It is necessary to stimulate the economy. Dzerkalo tyzhnia. Ukraina – Mirror of the week. Ukraine, 10. URL: http://gazeta.zn.ua/socium/ella-libanova-nuzhno-stimulirovat-ekonomiyu-_.html [in Ukrainian].
Horielov, D.M., Korniievskyi, O.A. (2015). Volunteerism: world experience and Ukrainian civil practice: analytical report. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Shulha, M.O. Volunteering. Materials to the National Report “The policy of integration of Ukrainian society in the context of the challenges and threats of events in Donbas” for monitoring to the Institute of Sociology of NAS of Ukraine. URL: http://www.i-soc.com.ua/institute/shulga.php [in Ukrainian].
The analytical report to the Annual Message of the President of Ukraine to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine “On the internal and external situation of Ukraine in 2015”. (2015). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Najem, M. Francis Fukuyama: Putin is doing exactly what Hitler did. URL: http://www.pravda.com.ua/rus/articles/ 2014/08/27/7035903/ [in Russian].