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The theoretical foundation of the state anti-monopoly policy (from the history of domestic economic thought)

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The article describes important directions of state regulation of entrepreneurial development, in particular, the policy of antimonopoly regulation in the reflection of Ukrainian economists of the late 19th – early 20th century. Paper reflects the pattern of social economic development during specified period presented in the economic literature.

A special place is given to a comprehensive analysis of the monopoly structures impact in the economic life of the society presented in the writings of M. Tugan-Baranovsky, V. Zheleznov, D. Pikhno, M. Dovnar-Zapolsky, P. Struve, L. Fedorovych and others. After analyzing the problem of monopoly activities state regulation in the reflection of Ukrainian scientists-economists of the late 19th – early 20th century. It is established that in their writings, the representatives of the Ukrainian economic thought explored only some of the negative manifestations of monopolies, namely those that were pronounced by antisocial nature (limit the production, which had to increase the price of goods, the ability to exert pressure on the government and the unions, etc).

Author analyzed the degree of theoretical developments scientific rigour in the Ukrainian economic thought on the most important directions of entrepreneurship development state regulation, namely policy antitrust regulation. It was determined that while considering the monopolization issue, Ukrainian scientists do not always pay enough attention to the problem of inequality in income distribution, social differentiation of society and the aggravation of contradictions of a market economy. Author proves that the study of Ukrainian economists holds some sketchiness and simplification in the interpretation of certain issues. This is mainly due to the fact that scientists have studied the developing phenomenon.

A positive achievement of the scientists is that they have noticed the problem and tried to solve it, based on the development level of the contemporary science.

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