Considering oneself (non)religious in Eastern European societies: correlation patterns among religiosity dimensions

268
2
Article(ENG)(.pdf)

While a number of current studies of religion are based on the religiosity dimension approach, in most cases, this approach is used only as a structural base for choosing an investigation level. At the same time, multidimensional approach can help us understand which combinations of religious manifestations are associated with self-identification as a religious person.

The article presents analysis of empirical data with the aim to evaluate how various religiosity dimensions are related to identifying oneself as religious or non-religious and to investigate respective correlation differences in terms of direction and intensity in societies of Eastern Europe. It presents a comparative analysis of EVS survey results from 19 countries of Eastern Europe. It shows that, while all of the countries within the region have statistically significant positive correlations between religiosity dimensions and considering oneself (non)religious; correlation strengths differ so significantly that it is difficult to claim about unified pattern across all Eastern European societies. Comparative analysis of archived results allows to identify several clusters of countries within the region with common patterns in intensity of correlation between religiosity dimensions and considering oneself (non)religious.

The differences in correlation profiles might be caused by historical and cultural background of the counties, their denominational structure and share of persons who consider one selves religious, character of cultural concept of ‘a religious person’ and linkage of religious identification with other identities in society.

  1. Tomka, M. (2011). Expanding Religion: Religious Revival In Post-Communist Central And Eastern Europe. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co

  2. Davie, G. (2012). Belief and unbelief: Two sides of a coin. Approaching Religion, 2, 1, 3-7

  3. Küçükcan, T. (2005). Multidimensional Approach to Religion: a way of looking at religious phenomena. Journal for Study of Religion and Ideologies, 10 (Spring), 60-70

  4. Müller, O. (2012). The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe: Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. New York: Routledge

  5. Salnikova, S.A. (2010). Constructing the content, characteristics and levels of measuring the religiosity (according to empirical sociological research). Ukr. socìum – Ukrainian society, 4 (35), 108-119 [in Ukrainian]

  6. Coutinho, J.P. (2016). Religiosity in Europe: an index, factors, and clusters of religiosity. Sociologia, 81, 163-188

  7. Tomka, M. (1998). Coping with Persecution: Religious Change in Communism and in Post-Communist Reconstruction in Central Europe. International Sociology, 13 (2), 229-248

  8. Glock, Ch. (1962). On The Study Of Religious Commitment. Religious Education, 57, 98-110

  9. Stark, R., Glock, Ch. (1968). American Piety: The Nature of Religious Commitment. Berkeley: University of California Press

  10. King, M. (1967). Measuring the religious variable: Nine proposed dimensions. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 6, 173-185

  11. Verbit, M.F. (1970). The Components and Dimensions of Religious Behavior: Toward a Reconceptualization of Religiosity. American Mosaic, Social Patterns of Religion in the United States (pp. 24–39). New York: Random House

  12. O’Connell, C.M. (1975). Dimensions of Religiosity Among Catholics. Review of Religious Research, 16, 3, 198-207

  13. Integrated Dataset: European Values Study 2008. GESIS Data Archive. URL: https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/sdesc2.asp?no=3811 (Last accessed: 16.04.2017)

  14. Master Questionnaire: European Values Study 2008. GESIS Data Archive. URL: https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/sdesc2.asp?no=381 (Last accessed: 16.04.2017)

  15. Bohdanova, O.V. (2014). The level and specificity of the religiosity of European societies: are there chances for secularization theory? Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy ‘Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut’. Politolohiia. Sotsiolohiia. Pravo – Bulletin of the National Technical University of Ukraine ‘Kyiv Polytechnic Institute’. Politology. Sociology. Law, 31-47 [in Ukrainian]

  16. Yaremchuk, S.S. (2011). Study of religion in international projects of the values studies. Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy ‘Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut’. Politolohiia. Sotsiolohiia. Pravo – Bulletin of the National Technical University of Ukraine ‘Kyiv Polytechnic Institute’. Politology. Sociology. Law, 105-108 [in Ukrainian]

  17. Salnikova, S.A. (2009). Methodological principles of religiousness measurement. Naukovyi visnyk Volynskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Lesi Ukrainky – Journal of Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, 28, 137-142 [in Ukrainian]

Full text