Specificity of identity research: international discourse (based on publications of SAGE journals)


Under conditions of intensive social changes, and in particular, the self-determination of different identities, there is a need for their definition and analysis in international academic discourse. The patterns of identity exist in the academic environment not only for the internal group, theoretical use, but also for public discussion, in particular for the legitimization of identities. Their last function is important for the sociological understanding of identities construction in modern society. Therefore, an attempt was made to characterize the peculiarities of studying the identity in international discourse, as authoritative for national science and socio-technological activity.

The research was based on the analysis of text materials from the website SAGE  journals (217 annotations of articles for 2017). It was revealed that sociologists, psychologists and scientists in the field of communication and media studies predominantly construct a discourse of identity. Therefore, the problem centers around the specific and local themes, at the same time, common and global topics are significantly fewer. Sociology investigates national, racial, and civic identities under the conditions of multiculturalism and post-colonial policies. International discourse is characterized by the study of a wide range of identity types, but the main areas are based on the investigation of national, racial, professional, gender identities. Foreign discourse studies the identity in terms of hybridization, that is characterized by instable cultural relations and cultural mixing. Ethnic and racial identities of African Americans and Latinos in multicultural American society were often studied. It was revealed that gender identities were analyzed in the context of personal and interpersonal relationships.

The authors investigate virtual identities, constructed based on communicative practices, under the conditions of new information technologies. Territorial identities in the discourse are significantly fewer than national ones. The identities of LGBT, academic, age, deviant and organizational identities are the additional areas for investigation. In the international discourse, identities are considered as socially constructed. They are analyzed in multicultural context. These types and priority directions of international discourse influence the national research of identity, its construction, in particular in media.

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