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The life prospects of the personality in the social potential structure: problem event approach


Тhe article offers a new approach to the study of life perspectives and personality strategies. From the point of view of this approach, the life perspectives are understood as the vectors of the future deployment from the point of probability view of filling it with certain events estimated from the position of desirability/undesirability of the these events occurrence or their consequences, their division into events that are desirable for events.

The fullness of the life perspective is determined by its intensity, event saturation, that is the number of fateful or important events that will potentially occur in the estimated time period from the present to the future. Predictable (planned and predictable) events, which are arranged in terms of remoteness in time and as their significance (that is, the ability to influence the subsequent life of the individual), forms a time-event framework for a life perspective. The main dimensions of the life perspectives are considered: the biological perspective of existence (this includes the approximate duration of existence and the quality of existence) and social perspective. The life perspective is interpreted as a way of predicting its future by the subject in the social, biological and problem-event planes, resulting in the creation of cognitive prerequisites for goal-setting. The life perspective is one of the main means of self-regulation of the individual actor, representing the result of his cognitive efforts regarding the anticipation of his own future.

The problem-event approach involves considering the life perspectives in the context of both positive (in terms of goals) future events, and undesirable circumstances that actually or potentially create problems that need to be addressed by the individual.

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