The article presents findings of the pilot study,dedicated to the development and testing of instrumentsfor measuring in the mass survey the perception of justice criteria for allocation of the state support among sociallyexcluded groups. Tool focuses on a specific survey method, based on specific approaches to plan. This experiment iscalled factorial design. Respondents were offered descriptions of hypothetical situations, which could potentiallyhappen in real life. These descriptions are called vignettes.
The respondents needed to evaluate the possibility oreven necessity of support provided from the state to the person that is trapped in the described life circumstances.The purpose of the judgment analysis about various life circumstances from different respondents is to identify theimpact of separate factors on the perception of certain groups of people (those who are in difficult lifecircumstances) as those who need help, and, therefore, are socially excluded. The dimensions aiming at formation ofpossible hypothetical situations were chosen based on the social justice theory as well as the criteria of needs,control and identity. During the pilot study, 65 respondents assessed 120 vignettes. The analysis of the collecteddata, in particular, applying the model of the regression equation, is thebasis for the conclusion about possibility ofproposed tool application in mass surveys and the compliance of the obtained measurement results of the previouslymade hypotheses in the vignettes space design.
The findings of pilot study data indicates thatsuch factors as theposition in the labor market, presence of children, the status of internally displaced persons and the level of incomeare statistically significant factors in the decision making process for providing state financial support. The genderand marital status of potential recipients are not statistically significant factors in the decision making process forproviding state support. The data is considered for clarifying certain previous hypotheses and needs validationwithin the mass representative survey.
Kharchenko, N. (1999). A variety of poverty aspects:an attempt for sociological analysis. Naukovi zapysky NaUKMA, 7, 38-49 [in Ukrainian].
Article 46 of the Constitution of Ukraine 2013: Ukraine Constitution articles. Portal Prava Ukrainy. URL: http://pravo-ukraine.org.ua/resyrsi/kz/konstitutsiya-ukrajini/rozdil-2-prava-svobodi-ta-obov-yazki-lyudini-i-gromadyanina/10999-stattya-46-konstituciya-ukrajini-2013-statti-konstituciji-ukrajini [in Ukrainian].
On state social assistance to low-income families: the Law of Ukraine of 19.05.2015, No 30. URL: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1768-14 [in Ukrainian].
Davydova, N.M. (2003). Deprivation approach to poverty assessments. Socis – Sociological Studies, 6, 88-96 [in Ukrainian].
Burchardt, T., Le Grand, J., Piachaud, D. (1999). Social exclusion in Britain 1991–1995. Social Policy & Administration, 33, 3, 227-244.
Böhnke, P. (2001). Nothing left to lose? Poverty and social exclusion in comparison. Empirical evidence on Germany. WZB Discussion Paper, FS III 01-402.
Jehoel-Gijsbers, G., Vrooman, C. (2012). The Disadvantaged among the Dutch: A Survey Approach to the Multidimensional Measurement of Social Exclusion. Social Indicators Research, 3, 1261-1287.
Bhalla, A., Lapeyre, F. (1997). Social exclusion: towards an analytical and operational framework. Development and change, 28, 3, 413-433.
On Social Services: Law of Ukraine of 19.06.2003, No 966–IV. URL: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/966–15 [in Ukrainian].
Balakireva, O.M., Dmytruk, D.A. (2013). Major social policy priorities in the eyes Ukrainian population. Ukr. socìum – Ukrainian society, 3, 143-156 [in Ukrainian].
Auspurg, K., Hinz, T. (2015). Factorial Survey Experiments. Series Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, 175.
Gatskova, K. (2013). Distributive justice attitudes in Ukraine: Need, desert or social minimum? Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 46, 2, 227-241.
Alves, W.M., Rossi, P.H. (1978). Who should get what? Fairness judgments of the distribution of earnings. American Journal of Sociology, 541-564.
Wallander, L. (2009). 25 years of factorial surveys in sociology: A review. Social Science Research, 38, 3, 505-520.
Rossi, P.H., Nock, S.L. (1982). Measuring social judgments: The factorial survey approach. SAGE Publications, Incorporated, 15-67.
Kutsenko, O., Gorbachyk, A. (2015). Welfare state in uncertainty: disparity in social expectations and attitudes. Corvinus Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 5, 2, 111-117.
Makarova, O.V. (2015). Social Policy in Ukraine: monograph. Kyiv: Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
Will, J.A. (1993). The dimensions of poverty: Public perceptions of the deserving poor. Social Science Research, 22, 3, 312-332.
Van Oorschot, W. (2000). Who should get what, and why? On deservingness criteria and the conditionality of solidarity among the public. Policy & Politics, 28, 1, 33-48.
Larsen, C.A. (2007). The institutional logic of welfare attitudes: How welfare regimes influence public support. Comparative political studies. URL: http://www.nordiccentre.org/downloads/NordicStudies2012/CPS%20finale%20How%20welfare%20regimes%20influence%20public%20support.pdf
Nesporova, A. (2002). Why unemployment remains so high in Central and Eastern Europe. Employment Paper, 43.
Millennium Development Goals. Ukraine – 2014: annual monitoring report. URL: http://www.ua.undp.org/content/dam/ukraine/docs/2014%20MDGs%20Ukraine%20Report%20engl.pdf
On the rights and freedoms of internally displaces persons: the Law of Ukraine of 10.20.2014 No 1706–18. URL: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1706–18 [in Ukrainian].
Mooney, E. (2005). The concept of internal displacement and the case for internally displaced persons as a category of concern. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 24, 3, 9-26.
Vorona, V.M., Shulga, M.O. (Eds.). (2014). Ukrainian society: monitoring of social change. Kyiv: Institute of Philosophy of an Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
The minimum cost of living per person per month in 2015. URL: http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/SH000419.html [in Ukrainian].
Marchenko, A.M., Sidorov, M.V.-S. (2014). Methodical features of experimental design realization in the survey (for example, a pilot study of the ideological factors role on friendly terms). Metodologiya, teoriya ta praktyka sotsiologichnogo analizu suchasnogo suspilstva, 20, 116-122. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/j-pdf/Mtpsa_2014_20_22.pdf [in Ukrainian].
Atzmüller, C., Steiner, P.M. (2015). Experimental vignette studies in survey research. Methodology, 128-138.
Kuhfeld, W.F. (2005). Experimental design, efficiency, coding, and choice designs. Marketing research methods in sas: Experimental design, choice, conjoint, and graphical techniques, 47-97.