Experience of different countries shows that housing is a key social and economic problemof internallydisplaced persons (IDPs). The objective of the article is to analyze the organizational and legal features of thecurrent provision patterns of government housing assistance to internally displaced persons, and to identify theoptimal creation ways in Ukraine of an effective system of housing assistance provision to internally displacedpersons. Based on the analysis of particular legal acts and activities of public authorities, the mechanism features ofthe state housing assistance to internally displaced persons are considered.
These features are determined by Lawof Ukraine No. 1706-VII «On ensuring the rights and freedoms of Internally displaced persons». The right ofworking-aged citizens to receive state housing assistance is limited upto 6 months. In the context of a significantshortage in jobs availability, reduced wages, high rental housing prices is a prerequisite of an acute social conflictwithin Ukrainian society. Analysis of public authorities’ activities suggests that the amount of housing provided tothe IDPs is insufficient, and its quality is very low. Financial assistance, which is provided according to the Decreeof the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No 505 is also a failure.
The conclusion on ineffectiveness of the currentmodel of housing assistance for IDPs is made. It is shown that the key elements of an effective system of providinggovernment housing assistance to internally displaced persons should be centers for temporary accommodation andhousing of temporary residence.
The official website of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine. URL: http://www.mlsp.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
Global Overview 2015: People internally displaced by conflict and violence. URL: http://www.internal-displacement.org
On the rights and freedoms of IDPs: Law of Ukraine dated 20.10.2014, No. 1706-VII. URL: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
On Forced Migrants: The Law of the Russian Federation dated 19.02.1993, No. 4530-I (as amended). URL: http://base.garant.ru [in Russian].
Official website of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine. URL: http://ukrstat.org/uk [in Ukrainian].
Analytical studies of trends in price indices changes in the real estate market of Ukraine. I quarter 2015. (2015). Kyiv: Informatsiino-analitychnyi tsentr doslidzhen rynku nerukhomosti grupy kompanii Uvekon [in Ukrainian].
On providing a monthly targeted assistance to persons who moved from temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine and districts of the antiterrorist operation to cover living expenses, including housing and utilities: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers if Ukraine dated 01.10.2014, No. 505. URL: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
Stockholm rents rise 20 percent in one year. URL: http://www.thelocal.se/20131007/50634
Information resource for citizens. URL: http://www.vpo.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
Gegeshidze, A., Chomakhidze, E. (2008). Strengthening human security of internally displacedpersons in Georgia (analytical report in public policy). Tbilisi: Gruzinskii fond strategicheskikh i mezhdunarodnykh issledovanii [in Russian].
Kharashvili, Yu. Experience in working with IDPs in Georgia. From emergency aid–to the development and self-sufficiency. URL: http://www.idss.org.ua/conference.html#27_02_2015 [in Russian].
Official website of the State Service of Ukraine of Emergencies. URL: http://www.mns.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
The housing code of the Ukrainian SSR (with changes and additions). URL: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
On approval of the Procedure of housing funds formation for temporary residence and the order of the provision and use of premises from funds of temporary residence: Order of Cabinet of Ministers dated 31.03.2004, No. 422. URL: http://search.ligazakon.ua [in Ukrainian].
On National Security of Ukraine: Law of Ukraine dated 19.06.2003, No. 964-IV. URL: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].