The shortage of natural resources as a subject of sociological analysis: realities and prospects in Ukrainian society


The article dwells upon socio-environmental risks of modern society and socio-environmental issues as a field of sociological knowledge. It reveals the social nature of the ecological problems in modern society, its annual increase of the risks that accompany social development. Author analyses existing in international and domestic science definitions of “risk”, discloses the relationship of the concepts of “risk,” “social risk” and “socio-environmental risk”, gives is the definition of socio-environmental risk and its classification.

Paper considers theoretical and methodological basis of socio-environmental issues, explored as well as analyzed is the actual empirical research that allows to identify socio-environmental risks at the present stage of social development. Special attention is given to the problem of scarcity of natural resources. Revealed is the social nature of this issue, its theoretical origins in sociological knowledge. Author analyzes the socio-philosophical concept of the consumer society, gives the definition of a “consumer society” and its characteristic features. The problem of scarcity of natural resources is depicted in the context of the concept of the consumer society.

Papers suggests problem features analysis of the natural resources scarcity in the Ukrainian society, and determines the condition of the natural resource balance of Ukraine and dynamics of key natural resources production over the last 10 years. Given the reasons for the dynamic fluctuations of extraction of natural resources, author updated features of the resourcing of Ukraine as a whole and outlined the directions of further development of the problem of natural resources scarcity in the sociological discourse.

Special attention is given to the rationale for introducing a comprehensive system of evaluation and prevention of socio-environmental risks, public opinion and cultural practices, as well as regular and detailed sociological research on the current and projected state of the socio-environmental situation of the various aspects of the influence of socio-environmental risks in public life. Also the objective necessity is emphasized to familiarize the sociologists and to engage them in participation in such studies.

  1. The Global Risks Report 2016, 11th Edition. (2016). Geneva: Published by the World Economic Forum. URL:

  2. The Global Risks Report 2017, 12th Edition. (2017). Geneva: Published by the World Economic Forum. URL:

  3. Pachauri, R.K., Meyer, L.A. (Eds.). Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. URL:

  4. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development: A Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. (1992, June 3–14). Rio de Janeiro. URL:

  5. Stehnii, O.G. (2016). Sociological reflection of environmental problems: interim results from 25 years of observations. Ukr. socìum – Ukrainian society, 3(58), 42-57 [in Ukrainian]

  6. Beck, U. (2000). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiia [in Russian]

  7. Zubkov, V.I. (1999). Risk as a subject of sociological analysis. Socis – Sociological Studies, 4, 3-9 [in Russian]

  8. Perspective – 2050: a new political and economic map of the world. URL: [in Russian]

  9. Meadows, D.H., Meadows, D.L., Randers, J., Behrens, W.W. (1972). III  The Limits To Growth. Universe Books

  10. Meadows, D., Rangers, J., Meadows, D. (2007). Limits to growth. 30 years update. Moscow: Akademkniga [in Russian]

  11. Matsuyama, K. (2000). The Rise of Mass Consumption Societies. URL:

  12. Baudrillard, J. (2006). The Consumer Society: Myths and Structures. Moscow: Respublika; Culture revolution [in Russian]

  13. Osaulenko, O.H. (Ed.). (2016). Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine, 2015. Kyiv: The State enterprise Information-Analytic Agency [in Ukrainian]

  14. Osaulenko, O.H. (Ed.). (2017). Ukraine in figures 2016. Statistical collection. Kyiv: The State enterprise Information-Analytic Agency [in Ukrainian]

  15. Prymushko, S.I., Biloshapska, T.D., Velychko, V.F. (Eds.). (2014). Mineral resources of Ukraine. Yearbook. Kyiv: State scientific-production enterprise State Informational Geological Fund of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  16. Omelchenko, V. (Ed.). (2016). Energy industry of Ukraine: the results of 2015. Kyiv: Zapovit [in Ukrainian]

  17. National Report of Ukraine 2014–2015. (2017). Kyiv: Ernst & Young [in Ukrainian]

  18. Stehnii, O.G. (2017). Ukraine’s population representation on sustainable development. Analytical report on the results of a national sociological survey. Kyiv. URL: [in Ukrainian]

Full text