Migrants in big cities of Ukraine: composition and socio-economic involvement

28
4
Article(UKR)(.pdf)

The purpose of the article is to identify the main migration groups of big cities of Ukraine, to define the features of their involvement in cities labour markets and infrastructure services at the local level. The work is aimed at resolving the scientific contradiction between the high concentration of migrants in specific cities and researches, which are carried out mostly at the state level. The change of research focus from the national to the local level determines the relevance and novelty of the publication. The article structures the subject field of migration research at the level of certain settlements (localities). Depending on the degree of arrived population, integration into the organization of the city system, the article distinguishes two main types of persons: migrant visitors and migrant residents. The first group includes people who live outside big cities but make regular trips there to study or work (so-called pendulum and shift migrants). The significant impact of this group is on the transport infrastructure of Ukraine’s big cities, which is currently in need of renovation and modernization. Migrant residents, arriving in big cities, settle there for a long time or for good, thus creating more robust and diverse connections with the locality of arrival. This group’s presence mostly affects housing, communal, household and educational infrastructure of big cities. The category of migrant residents in big cities has quite a heterogeneous composition: this includes foreigners and Ukrainians who came from other regions (among which there is a large group of internally displaced persons). Socio-economic involvement of international immigrants largely depends on the legal status holding.

  1. Migration and its Impact on Cities. (2017). World Economic Forum. URL: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/Migration_Impact_Cities_report_2017_low.pdf

  2. World Migration Report 2015. Migrants and Cities: New Partnership to Manage Mobility. (2015). URL: https://publications.iom.int/books/world-migration-report-2015-migrants-and-cities-new-partnerships-manage-mobility

  3. Glick Shiller, N., Caglar, A. (2008). Migrant Incorporation and City Scale: Towards a Theory of Locality in Migration Studies. URL: https://www.academia.edu/33691522/Migrant_Incorporation_and_City_Scale_Towards_a_Theory_of_Locality_in_Migration_Studies?email_work_card=title

  4. Huwelmaier, G. (2015, June). From “Jarmark Europa” to “Commodity City”. New Marketplaces, Post-socialist Migrations and Cultural Diversity in Central and Eastern Europe. Central and Eastern European Migration Review, 4, 1, 27-39. URL: http://www.ceemr.uw.edu.pl/sites/default/files/CEEMR_Vol_4_No_1_Huwelmeier.pdf

  5. Huwelmaier, G. (2013). Bazaar Pagodas – Transnational Religion, Postsocialist Marketplaces and Vietnamese Migrant Women in Berlin. Religion and Gender, 3, 1, 75-88. URL: https://www.academia.edu/15688010/Bazaar_Pagodas_-_Transnational_Religion_Postsocialist_Marketplaces_and_Vietnamese_Migrant_Women_in_Berlin

  6. Rubl, B., Malynovska, O. (2003). “Non-traditional” immigrants in Kyiv. Kyiv: Stylos [in Ukrainian]

  7. Braichevska, O., Malynovska, O., Pylynskyi, Ya. (2009). “Non-traditional” immigrants in Kyiv seven years later. Kyiv: Stylos [in Ukrainian]

  8. Fitisova, A., Lomonosova, N., Filipchuk, L. (2019). Immigrant women in Ukraine: problems and barriers to accessing decent work. Kyiv: CEDOS [in Ukrainian]

  9. Maidanik, I.P. (2006). Gender aspects of migration influence on the labour market of Kyiv. Ukr. socìum – Ukrainian Society, 1 (12), 53-59 [in Ukrainian]

  10. Prybytkova, I.M. (2013). Presentation of the city in the space-time paradigm. Sotsiologiya: teoriya, metody, marketing – Sociology: theory, methods, marketing, 3, 3-25 [in Ukrainian]

  11. Pozniak, O.V. (2011). Demographic prospects of the capital region in the context of changes in the territorial structure of the population of Ukraine. Sotsialno-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrainy – Socio-economic problems of the modern period of Ukraine, 1 (87), 249-257 [in Ukrainian]

  12. Pendulum migration: 180 thousand people enter Lviv daily (2018). Galinfo. URL: https://galinfo.com.ua/news/mayatnykova_migratsiya_180_tys_lyudey_shchodnya_vizhdzhayut_do_lvova_289239.html [in Ukrainian]

  13. Sehida, K., Kostrikov, S. (2016). Spatial econometric analysis of the regional commuting. Visnyk Kyivskogo natsionalnogo universytetu, Geografiya – Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Geography, 12, 42-53 [in Ukrainian]

  14. Report of the national system for monitoring the situation of internally displaced persons. (2019, September). URL: https://iom.org.ua/sites/default/files/nms_round_15_ukr_screen.pdf [in Ukrainian]

  15. The suburbs are advancing on Kyiv. How to solve the transport problem of satellite cities. (2019). Ekonomichna pravda. URL: https://www.epravda.com.ua/publications/2019/04/23/647281/ [in Ukrainian]

  16. Kinash, I.P. (2012). Composition and structure of social infrastructure. Visnyk sotsialno-ekonomichnykh doslidzhen – Socio-Economic Research Bulletin, 3 (46), 2, 171-176 [in Ukrainian]

  17. Varshaver, E., Rocheva, A., Ivanova, N., Ermakova, M. (2020). Residential Concentrations of Migrants in Russian Cities: Is There a Pattern? Sotsiologicheskoe obozrenie – Russian Sociological Review, 19, 2, 226-253 [in Russian]

  18. Demintseva, E. (2020). Migrants in the Post-Soviet City. Laboratorium: zhurnal sotsialnykh issledovanii – Laboratorium: Russian review of social research, 12 (1), 10-14 [in Russian]

Full text