The article dwells upon determination of the religious factor influence on the system of main risks which are threats to the functioning of Ukrainian society. Now the number and strength of risks for the normal functioning and existence of Ukrainian society have noticeably increased. As for some religious “revival”, one of the possible dangers is the problems of interaction between various religious actors, and between religious actors and secular society. Accordingly, a need remains for monitoring such risks, assessing their significance for the social whole. It is justified that although religion in Ukraine, mainly through religious organizations, can influence the existence and realization of primary social risks, its activities do not create system risks. Religion is relatively more robust and directly added to socio-political risks, but there is no influence on risks in the economic and demographic areas. At the same time, the consequences of the interaction of religion with other sources of socio-political risks are quite limited. On the contrary, social and political risks stipulate more manifestation of religious risks. Among the various forms of potential religious influence on socio-political and humanitarian risks, the most noticeable is the influence of interactions between the largest Orthodox Churches (Orthodox Church of Ukraine and Ukrainian Orthodox Church). Such interaction has been characterized by hostility and open conflicts, and this situation most likely will continue in the future. At the same time, even open conflicts between these Churches are and will be local, short-term, and dependent on the political situation. In the longer term, the role of religion in the archaization of mass consciousness, its dehumanization, the loss of the ability to create a rational picture of the world, and in maintaining social and individual mental tension becomes a noticeable risk.
Aristova, А. (2007). Religious conflicts in modern world: their nature, manifestations, ways of resolving. Kyiv: NTU [in Ukrainian]
Aristova, А. (2009). Ethno-religious conflicts in processes of national revival of Ukraine. Religious freedom, 14, 80-83 [in Ukrainian]
Kolodnyi, A. (2005). Inter-confessional and inter-church opposition in the independent Ukraine. Religious freedom, 9, 81-99 [in Ukrainian]
Kolodnyi, A. (2009). Religious present of Ukraine: reflection, assessments and forecast. Kyiv: H. Skovoroda Institute of philosophy of NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]
Zdioruk, S. (2005). The nature of inter-church conflicts in Orthodoxy of Ukraine. Religious freedom, 9, 106-112 [in Ukrainian]
Religious factor in the processes on nation and state creation: experience of modern Ukraine. (2012). Kyiv: I.F. Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]
Sagan, O., Zdioruk, S. (2008). Local Orthodox Church: Constitutional Issues and Forecasts. Ukrainian Religious Studies, 48, 136-159 [in Ukrainian]
Sagan, O. (2013). State-Church Relations in an Independent Ukraine: Problems, Factors, Line of Confrontation. Religious freedom, 17-18, 22-29 [in Ukrainian]
Chuprii, L. (2011). Activity of religious organizations and threats for national security of Ukraine. Strategic Priorities, 4, 57-64 [in Ukrainian]
Zdioruk, S. (2013). Inter-Church Relations in Orthodoxy of Ukraine as an Explication of Ukrainian-Russian Ethnic-Political Clashes. Ukrainian Religious Studies, 65, 210-225 [in Ukrainian]
Kolodnyi, A. (2014). Moscow invader under the care of the Moscow Church. Ukrainian Religious Studies, 69, 80-94 [in Ukrainian]
Gorkusha, O., Fylypovych, L. (2016). Geopolitical Ukrainian-Russian conflict: the reaction of Ukrainian churches. Ukrainian Religious Studies, 79, 7-17 [in Ukrainian]
Zdioruk, S. (2017). Threats and challenges of the “Russian world” and the Moscow patriarchate to the national security of the Ukrainian state. Suspil’no-politychni protsesy, 1 (5), 277-295 [in Ukrainian]
Vasiutynskyi, V. (2018). Ukraine: Religious Confessions in Competition Under the Dominance of Political Discourse. In K. Migacheva, B. Frederick (Eds.), Religion, Conflict, and Stability in the Former Soviet Union (pp. 139-158). Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation.
Kolodnyi, A. (Ed.). (2019). Religious security/unsecurity of Ukraine. Collection of scientific works and materials. Кyiv: Ukrainian Association of Researchers of Religion [in Ukrainian]
Sagan, O. (2019). Constituting of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church as a factor in changing the cultural-civilizational paradigm of independent Ukraine. Ukrainian Religious Studies, 88, 23-39 [in Ukrainian]
Fylypovych, L. (2019). Orthodox Churches of Ukraine in new religious and socio-political reality: dangers and challenges. Volynskyi Blahovisnyk, 7, 329-339 [in Ukrainian]
Tytarenko, V., Fylypovych, O. (2020). Problematic aspects interdenominational and state-denominational relations in the socio-political situation in Ukraine. Religious freedom, 24, 55-64 [in Ukrainian]
Ukrainian Society: monitoring of social changes. (2019). Kyiv: Institute of Sociology of NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]
Bogdan, O. (2017). Believers in the Ukrainian Orthodox Churches of Kyiv and Moscow Patriarchates: sociodemographic differentiation and political opinions. Visnyk of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Sociological studies of contemporary society: methodology, theory, methods, 38, 41-49.
State and Church in Ukraine-2019: outcomes of year and perspectives of the relationship development (informational materials). (2019). Kyiv: Razumkov centre. URL: https://razumkov.org.ua/uploads/article/2019_Religiya.pdf [in Ukrainian]
Vasin, M. (2017). Freedom of thought, conscience and religion in Ukraine – 2016. Kyiv: Institute for Religious Freedom. URL: https://www.irs.in.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1784%3A1&catid=37%3Aart&Itemid=64&lang=uk [in Ukrainian]
Freedom of denomination under the sight: Russian terror in the occupied territories of Eastern Ukraine. Analytical report on the situation of freedom of denomination and religious-based persecution in part of territories of Donetsk and Lugansk regions of Eastern Ukraine temporarily occupied by the Russian Federation. (2018). Kyiv: Institute for Religious Freedom. URL: https://irf.in.ua/files/publications/2018.10.24-IRF-Report-UKR.pdf [in Ukrainian]