Social and demographic aspects of women’s situation in Ukraine in the context of CEDAW

28
2
Article(UKR)(.pdf)

This paper dwells upon the demographic features and some peculiarities of women’s social situation in Ukraine in the context of CEDAW’s requirements. It also reviews the implementation of these requirements in recent years. The study focuses on general issues (changes in the number of women and their age structure as well as the situation with gender statistics), the specifics of the marriage and family situation and health problems. Such trends are highlighted based on the results of the analysis: the fastest reduction rates of the number of women in working and reproductive age against the increase of the older women’s share; reduction of early nuptiality and adolescent fertility; not sustained decline of infant mortality, decrease of venereal morbidity. The latest changes in gynecologic cancer morbidity and mortality are ambiguous in Ukraine. The maternal mortality has begun to rise in recent years; cases of obstetric violence are common; the situation with HIV/AIDS is still unfavourable (and the share of women among AIDS patients increases). Now the improvement of the reproductive health of women in Ukraine is complicated by the absence of state social program on reproductive and sexual health. Due to a more significant share of elderly and other factors women have greater needs for medical care and social support, they are incredibly vulnerable to the current COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences. At the same time, women suffer, mainly due to the low accessibility of high-quality medical care in Ukraine. The paper also deals with gender statistics in Ukraine. The current state of gender statistics is analyzed, and some recommendations for its improvement are proposed in order to form a proper information basis for the development of policies in the field of elimination of discrimination against women in Ukraine.

  1. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and its Optional Protocol. (2003). Handbook for Parliamentarians. United Nations. URL: http://archive.ipu.org/PDF/publications/cedaw_en.pdf

  2. Stoffels, R. (2019). The role of the CEDAW Committee in the implementation of public policies on gender issues: analysis through a study of the protection of girls’ rights in Spain. The International Journal of Human Rights, 23, 8, 1317-1336.

  3. Bardzell Arielle, L. (2016). Eliminating gender stereotyping in the United States through ratification of CEDAW article 10(c). Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law, 17, 3, 809-831.

  4. Gevrek, D., Middleton, K. (2016). Globalization and women’s and girls’ health in 192 UN-member countries: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. International Journal of Social Economics, 43, 7, 692-721.

  5. Tait, C., Abdillahi, I, Wong, W, Smith-Cannoy, H, Siddiqi, A. (2019). Can the health effects of widely-held societal norms be evaluated? An analysis of the United Nations convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (UN-CEDAW). BMC Public Health, 19 (1), 279.

  6. Report on the implementation in Ukraine of the UN convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. The eighth periodic report (2014). Kyiv: Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine, United Nations Population Fund. URL: https://ukraine.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/CEDAW%20report%20ukr.pdf [in Ukrainian]

  7. Skoryk, M.M. (Ed.). (2017). The alternative report on the implementation in Ukraine of the UN convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (The eighth periodic report). Kyiv: Kyiv Institute of Gender Studies [in Ukrainian]

  8. Economic costs of violence against women in Ukraine. (2017). Kyiv: UNFPA, UCSR. URL: http://www.un.org.ua/images/documents/4489/Economic%20Costs%20of%20Violence_2017_3.pdf

  9. Analysis of the vulnerability of women and men in the context of decentralization in the territories of Ukraine affected by the conflict. (2017). URL: http://un.org.ua/images/documents/4551/_for%20print.pdf [in Ukrainian]

  10. Gender Equality and Response to Domestic Violence in the Private Sector of Ukraine: Call for Action. (2019). UNFPA, Government of the United Kingdom and CSR Ukraine. URL: https://ukraine.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/%D0%93%D0%95%D0%9D%D0%94%D0%95%D0%A0%D0%9D%D0%90%20%D0%A0%D0%86%D0%92%D0%9D%D0%86%D0%A1%D0%A2%D0%AC%202%20%281%29.pdf [in Ukrainian]

  11. Counteracting human trafficking from Ukraine: identifying, returning and providing assistance to victims. Analytical brief. (2020). URL: https://www.pragueprocess.eu/ru/migration-observatory/publications/document?id=205 [in Russian]

  12. Moroz, S. (2017). Human rights of women living with HIV in Ukraine: results of a community-based study through the prism of CEDAW. URL: http://www.un.org.ua/images/documents/4480/HIV%20throgh%20CEDAW%20lensukrcompressed.pdf [in Ukrainian]

  13. Rapid gender assessment of the situation and needs of women in the context of COVID-19 in Ukraine. (2020). UN Women. URL: https://www2.unwomen.org/-/media/field%20office%20eca/attachments/publications/2020/06/rapid%20gender%20assessment_eng-min.pdf?la=en&vs=3646

  14. Sanderson, W.C, Scherbov, S. (2013). The characteristics approach to the measurement of population aging. Population and Development Review, 39, 4, 673-685.

  15. Women and girls in the rural area. Empowerment of women and girls from rural areas. (2018). UN Group on Gender Issues. URL: https://ukraine.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/Factsheet%20IWD2018%20UKR.pdf [in Ukrainian]

Full text