New social risks of international labor migrants inder conditions of transition to post-industrial society

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Article(UKR)(.pdf)

Simplified approaches to the definition and classification of social risks on limit their use to study various social groups, in particular, international labor migrants. Qualifying sign of social risks of international labor migrants should be its special, not inherent to other types of risks, subject-object nature. Modern social risks of international labor migrants are formed outside the conflict between labor and capital, which was typical of an industrial society. In the transition to a post-industrial society, social risks are more pronounced due to the conflict between the competence and the professionalism of migrants. The probability of a conflict between competence and professionalism is the greatest threat to international labor migrants. The differentiation of social risks and threats of migrant workers in modern scientific research is unresolved.

The purpose of the article is to identify the features of new social risks of international labor migrants in the transition to a post-industrial society. The following methods are used in the work: logical-semantic – for analysis and deepening of the conceptual apparatus; a comparative analysis of the conceptual concepts of migration and the results of previous sociological studies, a comparative analysis of the results of statistical and sociological surveys; modeling of new risks of labor migrants from Ukraine. Thus, in the context of the transition to a post-industrial society, the social risks of international labor migrants change the temporal location. Old social risks, which are identified with the legal and legal attachment of socially significant circumstances, are aimed at compensating for the negative consequences of migrant labor. The compensation of past losses, which is prolonged in time and entrusted to the state, loses its relevance in modern conditions.

The general welfare states are aimed at satisfying the “old social risks” facing the population during the standard life cycle of production – pensions, health services, sickness, disabilities and others. Excessive international migration creates conditions in which the modern welfare state loses control over the compensation process. International labor migrants who are outside the standard cycle of production are more likely to feel the need for a new approach to understanding social risks.

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