The problem of the medium class restitution in the context of global transformation of the social structure

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At the turn of the centuries and millennia, social relations in most world countries have undergone significant modifications. Global market transformations, which have matured for a long time in the economic systems of developed countries, were associated with the emergence of a “new” (information network) economy. In the end of the 20th century, they have formed preconditions for the transformation of the paternalistic model of a social market state and caused the public request for systemic structural reforms. In the process of such reforms, the social structure has undergone significant changes. The problem of social inequality has intensified, the middle class has been subjected to splitting, and a significant social segment has been formed (precariat) with unstable employment and shaky socio-economic prospects. Until now, the trend of social stratification has not been overcome. The regularities of the normal reproduction of the medium social strata, which cover the majority of the population, in the conditions of the information economy remain insufficiently studied. For Ukraine, the understanding of the global trends in the modification of the social structure is of particular importance: the market transformation of the national economy did not lead to the establishment of the Institute of corporate social responsibility and the strengthening of the middle class position. Consequently, raising the general welfare of the population remains on the agenda. In the context of overcoming the deep socio-economic contradictions, the initiative of the national scientific school, related to the identification of the newest middle class as a medium class, which is formed in accordance with the logic of the formation of the information network economy, is relevant. This class is characterized by a stable social and economic situation in society and is able to expand its boundaries (reaching the majority of the population) even in the context of a general increase in inequality.

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