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The balance between training of personnel with professional technical education and the needs of the national labour market in the labor force with secondary vocational education


The article dwells upon the problems of matching the supply of labour force with a certain educational level, which creates market for educational services; and the demand created by the national labour market. Author investigates the existing distribution of the employees by educational levels in Ukraine and this investigation reveals the correspondence of the acquired educational qualification level and the actual necessity in order to fulfill the professional duties. Based on this distribution, paper offers balance between the national labour market supply and demand of workers belonging to groups with secondary vocational qualifications. The principles of transformation of the educational structure of the employed population are established and it is determined that the general tendency for Ukraine is to change the structure of the employed population towards an increase in the number of people with higher education and a dramatic decrease in the low-educated cohort of the population. From an economic viewpoint such imbalance, creates problem of excess education. It is established that the demand for workers of secondary vocational level remains stable. According to the distribution of employed population with vocational education by age groups, it is determined that there is a gradual transition of the employed with this level of education to a cohort of older employees, and therefore incapacitated, as well as there is a refusal of young people of vocational education. This will lead to a rapid reduction of the group of skilled workers with vocational education in the near future. Analytical evaluation of employees by large professional groups, which are related to the secondary vocational education level, provided a general idea of the labour market security by specialists trained in vocational schools. The study of the specificity of the labour market saturation by specialists of certain professions allowed to form a list of professions that have the greatest influence on the imbalance of supply and demand of workers with secondary vocational education level at the Ukrainian labour market.

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