Based on the materials of the sociological survey authors analysed and showed differences between participants and non-participants of the lifelong learning process and revealed significant advantages of the first in the main dimensions of life activity. The paper outlines the qualitative and quantitative characteristics, which are crucial for personal well-being and social development for lifelong learning participants. In particular, participants in the lifelong learning are far more likely to have a positive assessment of their health than those with a predominantly negative self-esteem; there are more of those who show higher life satisfaction; they are more objective in assessing social reality, have better understanding of the job market demands and life in general; and they are more aware of the influence of factors related to one’s personal qualities on the life success achievement in today’s domestic society than the rest of the population. Lifelong learning participants are more gender-sensitive than the archaic society as a whole. The number of life learning participants is especially higher among the group of respondents with a better financial situation. They have a number of advantages in the skills required for successful living in today’s Ukrainian society and the globalized world (there are many more of them among regular computer users, Internet users, and much more among those who speak basic European languages at a sufficient level). The obtained results demonstrate that it is advisable to develop and implement a special direction of the state socio-economic policy to promote the participation of the population in lifelong learning as one of the promising strategies for accumulating a country’s human capital in favour of national development.
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