The place of civil society organizations in the economy and the labour market: international experience and Ukraine
The article is devoted to the comparative analysis of the direct contribution of civil society organizations(tertiary sector) to the economy and the labor market in the countries of the world and Ukraine. Authors describesubstantial progress in economicstatistics in the measurement of the economic contribution of civil societyorganizations and their integral part–volunteer activities. Quantitative indicators of the economic contribution ofcivil society organizations and volunteering, obtained by theJohns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies aresuggested.
It is demonstrated that in developed countries, relevant organizations attract the proportion of thepopulation that far exceeds the level of employment in transportation, agriculture and communal services. Also thedata is presented on the generation of “tertiary sector” in the most economically developed countries the proportionof GDP, which is comparable with the contribution of construction and transportation industry. The observation ismade about the existence of an increasing trend in the proportion of civil society organizations, labor market, andthe GDP of developed countries. Conducted is comparative analysis with Ukraine, where about 13% of thepopulation is involved in various publicand political organizations, however only 1% of the economically activepopulation work for wages in public organizations, according to the approximate estimates, which is twice as lessthan in the post-Communist States of Eastern Central Europe.
According to the estimates, the contribution of theUkrainian charitable organizations as one of the main components of the “tertiary sector” in GDP in 2012 was lessthan 1%. Authors analyzed possible reasons for this underrun of Ukraine from the countries of Western andCentral-Eastern Europe. Conclusions and recommendations are given regarding the possibility of strengthening thedevelopment reserves of the Ukrainian non-governmental organizations and their use for economic growth andemployment.
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