Empirical identification of the creative class in Ukrainian society


Institutional shifts in the labour market during the transition to a post-industrial economy have blurred the boundaries of the traditional classes, including the middle class. The emergence of new classes requires their appropriate theoretical and empirical study. The article dwells upon the empirical identification of the “creative class” in modern Ukrainian society. Author suggests a theoretical review of the concept, clarification of its characteristic and critical remarks. It was found that in modern social science the concept of “creative class” is often used as an obvious one. This concept became the subject of discussion not only among urbanists and sociologists, but also among politicians, journalists and publicists. However, the discussion of the concept does not eliminate the contradiction between the fact of the existence of new classes in the modern stratification system and the insufficient level of empirical knowledge about them. That is why this article establishes class affiliation in the categories offered by R. Florida with the help of classical tools of modern class analysis – by respondents’ employment status, profession, and occupation. Empirical identification of the creative class was carried out as a part of the secondary data analysis from a representative survey of the Ukrainian population aged 18 and older, living in cities of 50 thousand people and more and watching TV. The selected creative class is considered within the concepts of class analysis according to the classification of thematic clusters by O. Symonchuk. The theoretical provisions on the characteristics of the creative class are tested on the data of quantitative empirical research. The author suggests the comparison of values of different class representatives with the controlled variable “employment”. Paper concludes that the empirical identification of the creative class in Ukrainian society is quite possible due to the use of indicators “position, profession, activity”. It is noted that additional research is needed as for a general issue of new classes, given the changes in the modern labour market, and the concept of “creative class”.

  1. Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and self-identity. Self and society in the late modern age. Cambridge.

  2. Beck, U. (2000). Risk society. Towards a new modernity. Moscow [in Russian]

  3. Pakulski, J., Waters, M. (1996). The death of class. London.

  4. Vorona, V. (2010). A class that produces the material wealth of the nation. In V. Vorona, M. Shulha (Eds.), Ukrainian Society 1992–2010. Sociological Monitoring (pp. 3-21). Kyiv: Institute of Sociology NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  5. Skavronska, I., Ripka, R. (2017). Empirical evaluation of the prerequisites of becoming a creative class in Ukraine. Young Scientist, 2, 339-344 [in Ukrainian]

  6. Index of cultural and creative potential of Ukrainian cities. URL: https://drive.google.com/file/d/17JKmJBCiOwICpQL7FF9GFauagTmKSFbk/view [in Ukrainian]

  7. Florida, R. (2002). The rise of the creative class: and how it’s transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life. New York, NY: Basic Books.

  8. Landry, Ch. (2011). Creative city. Moscow: Klassika- ХХI [in Russian]

  9. The global creativity index 2015. (2015). URL: http://martinprosperity.org/media/Global-Creativity-Index-2015.pdf

  10. Redaelli, Е. (2005, October). The creative scene in Milano. The Ohio State University. Prepared for presentation at the STP&A Conference Eugene.

  11. Sassen, S. “Creative class” as a symptom of regression. URL: http://www.ji-magazine.lviv.ua/dyskusija/2012/Sassen_Intellektualov_vytesnilo.htm [in Russian]

  12. Florida, R. (2018). New urban crisis. Moscow: Tocka [in Russian]

  13. Moretti, Е. (2012). The new geography of jobs. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

  14. Glass, R. (Ed.). (1964). Aspects of change. London: MacGibbon and Kee.

  15. Glaeser, E.L. Review of Richard Florida’s The rise of the creative class. URL: https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/glaeser/files/book_review_of_richard_floridas_the_rise_of_the_creative_class.pdf

  16. Monastyrska, G.V. (2012). Creative class and problems of its formation in Ukraine. Formuvannia rynkovoi ekonomiky. Pratsia v XXI stolitti: novitni tendentsii, sotsialnyi vymir, innovatsiinyi rozvytokFormation of a market economy. Labour in the 21st century: the latest trends, social dimension, innovative development, 2, 200-210 [in Ukrainian]

  17. Ovchynnikova, L.V. (2016). Precarios forms of employment: nature and evidence. Ukr. socìum – Ukrainian Society, 1 (56), 54-64  [in Ukrainian]

  18. Oksamytna, S.M., Chornogorska, A.V. (2012). Class memberships of men and women in modern Ukrainian society. Naukovi zapysky NaUKMA. SotsiolohiiaNaUKMA Research Papers. Sociology, 135, 8-13 [in Ukrainian]

  19. ITC presented the results of a recent installation study. URL: https://mbr.com.ua/ru/news/ukraine/1430-itk-prezentoval-rezultaty-svezhego-ustanovochnogo-issledovan [in Russian]

  20. Symonchuk, O. (2018). Social classes in contemporary societies: the heuristic potential of class analysis. Kyiv: Institute of Sociology NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

  21. Schwartz, S.H. (2003). A proposal for measuring value orientations across nations. Chapter 7 in the questionnaire development package of the European Social Survey.

  22. Computing Scores for the 10 Human values. URL: https://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/docs/methodology/ESS_computing_human_values_scale.pdf

  23. Konstantinov, F.V. (Ed.). (1960-1970). Encyclopedia of philosophy. Moscow: Sovetskaya entsyklopediya [in Russian]

Full text