Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Key challenges and threats to technogenic and environmental security of Ukraine

52
2
Article(UKR)(.pdf)

Based on the analysis of scientific achievements of scientists and special researches the key dangerous technogenic and ecological threats are studied, new challenges to national security of Ukraine, which are connected with development of the industry, are allocated. Analysis of recent research and publications on this topic shows that the study of threats to environmental security of Ukraine and the dangers of natural and man-made spheres in the scientific works of foreign and domestic scientists I. Bystryakov, O. Vasyuta, O. Veklych, M. Dolishny, T. Ivanova, I. Ilyashenko, B. Kelsey Jack, T. Kozachenko, V. Kravtsiva, G. Obykhod, A. Omelchenko, A. Stepanenko, E. Khlobystova, M. Khvesyk, etc. The aim of this publication is to analyze significant environmental and man-made threats in the national economy, study their exacerbation in the face of the latest challenges that require adequate response of the state and management decisions in assessing man-made environmental threats and monitoring risks associated with environmental impact of hazardous industrial enterprises and other AERs. The purpose of the publication is to develop priority measures to minimize man-made environmental risks, effective prevention and control of industrial pollution, increase the level of environmental safety in Ukraine. The analysis of modern professional research, analytical reports and media materials allows us to state that recently the threats are characterized by multilevel and hybrid nature, there is a combination of economic, military and environmental threats that can affect society internally. The article states that in the context of existing challenges and threats to man-made environmental security, the main tasks for public administration are the following: improvement of the legal framework; improvement of the sustainable development monitoring system; reproduction of production infrastructure; ensuring sustainable environmentally and socially oriented production, anticipatory protection against possible real and potential threats. Recommendations on counteracting the technogenic and ecological safety of Ukraine are offered.

  1. Global Risk Report 2020. URL: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Global_Risk_Report_2020.pdf

  2. Khvesyk, M., Obykhod, H. (2018). The latest dimension of environmental challenges and threats to sustainable development in an era of globalization. Ekonomìka prirodokoristuvannâ ì stalij rozvitok – Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development, 3-4, 22-23, 5-18 [in Ukrainian]

  3. Khvesyk, M., Bystryakov, I., Obykhod, H., Khvesyk, Yu. (2018). Assessment of the safety of environment in terms of sustainable development. Economic Annals-XXI, 170 (3-4), 22-26.

  4. Kelsey Jack B. (2017). Environmental economics in developing countries: an introduction to the special issue. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 86, 1-7.

  5. Ivanova, T. (2019). Environmental economic security threats of Ukraine in the context of the globalization. Investytsiyi: praktyka ta dosvid, 18, 77-81 [in Ukrainian]

  6. Analytical review of the state of technogenic and ecological security in Ukraine for 2005–2018. State Service of Ukraine for Emergencies. URL: https://www.dsns.gov.ua/ua/Analitichniy-oglyad-stanu-tehnogennoyi-ta-prirodnoyi-bezpeki-v–Ukrayini-za-2015-rik.html [in Ukrainian]

  7. Sheludko, E.I. (2019). Modernizational instruments of institutional support of industry ecologization. Ekonomichnyi visnyk universitetu: zbirnyk naukovykh prats uchenykh ta aspirantiv, 42, 136-149 [in Ukrainian]

  8. Main assets of Ukraine for 2016: statistical bulletin. (2017). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/Arhiv_u/06/Arch_oz_bl.htm [in Ukrainian]

  9. Ukraine. Mine Action / Landmine and Сluster Munition Monitor 2018. URL: http://www.the-monitor.org/en-gb/reports/2019/ukraine/mine-action.aspx

  10. Melnyk, O. (2020). The issue of water in Crimea threatens Ukraine with multifaceted blackmail or active military action by Russia. Razumkov centre. URL: http://razumkov.org.ua/statti/pytannia-vody-v-krym-zagrozhuie-ukraini-bagatoaspektnym-shantazhem-abo-aktyvnymy-viiskovymy-diiamy-z-boku-rosii [in Ukrainian]

Full text