The (re-)birth of biopolitics. Autonomy, biopower, coronavirus, discourse, emergency, fear, globalization, health, I…

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The article reveals the problems of biopolitics in a globalized world, which were actualized by the social, political, economic, cultural and other consequences of the pandemic. Based on the work of Michel Foucault regarding biopolitics and biopower, the author analyzes the key concepts of the study of biopolitics in the context of globalization from the sociology of knowledge perspective. The problem of (re-)birth of biopolitics in the conditions of a globalized capitalist society is investigated. It is emphasized, that the trends and patterns discovered by M. Foucault differentiate, become more diverse and unexpected in their manifestations. Classifications of subjects of biopolitics, as well as biopolitics themselves, where the author identifies biotactics and biostrategies, are given and analyzed. A special emphasis is placed on the multilevel structure of biopolitics in the modern world: from the point of view of Foucauldian consideration of dispersed and diffuse power, using examples of the activities of different subjects of the modern world it is studied, how the same participants in the social game turn out to be both subjects and objects of biopolitics. Here, the security discourse as a tool for legitimizing biopolitics in a state of emergency (according to G. Agamben) turns out to be the most important plot. In addition, the participation of various actors (academic, political, economic, sacred, every day, communicative) with the use of a wide variety of biopolitical tools (material, symbolic, discursive, practical, communicative) by them is important. A number of conclusions are formulated both about the changing role of biopolitics, and about the potential place of sociology in such a world.

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