Archetypics of the multipolar world: from war to peace


The authors used archetypal methodology to analyse the problem of the international relations multipolar system formation, which occurs against the background of full-scale armed aggression by Russia against Ukraine. Emphasis is placed on the phenomenon of security as a prerequisite for individual and collective activity, which is the keeper of the world history evolution, and knows various systems of international relations, their classification and typology: unipolar, bipolar, and multipolar. It is noted that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia for an extended period, cultivated resentment about the American-centric world because of the Soviet defeat in the Cold War. According to the authors, the latter manifests the war of identities if we understand it as a hierarchy of values. Thus, the process of social change in the consciousness of Ukrainian society, which dates to the Orange Revolution (2004), is essentially a recreation of the preconditions of the former Cold War. According to the author’s monitoring (1992–2022), it was then that substantial changes took place in the self-consciousness of Ukrainians: collectivist values gave way to individualist self-consciousness, resulting in radical institutional changes in society. However, unrealised public expectations in general for literally one (2005) year catalysed public consciousness in the inversion and pathopsychological state, which manifested itself in the phenomenon of “nonconformism” of the “Revolution of Dignity” (2013–2014). Significantly strengthened the pathopsychological state of environmental and reform factors influence. The Russian-Ukrainian war (2014–2022) became the final chord of the social transformation of the public consciousness of Ukrainian society. At the same time, the completion of transformational changes in Ukraine after the war, according to the authors, will coincide with the world’s transition to a postmodern multipolar system of international relations. Moreover, suppose a block approach to national security characterises the modern approach, then in the postmodern conditions. In this case the international security system will be built by combining the hierarchical and network properties of the new – multipolar international system. At the same time, the main issues will remain control over communications, sources of raw materials and technology. The postmodern multipolar system of international relations will consist of several hierarchical structures. The post-Yeltsin system of international relations will occur under challenging conditions of “multipolar confrontation” in an interconnected world. The factor of the interdependence of the multipolar international structure inspires optimism in the conditions of the new postmodern international imperative: “unity of the world in its diversity”, which considers the socio-cultural specifics of our country and embraces the national interests of Independent Ukraine.

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